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CBD is one of more than 120 compounds called cannabinoids. Many plants contain cannabinoids, but people most commonly link them to cannabis. Unlike other cannabinoids — such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — CBD does not produce a euphoric “high” or psychoactive effect. This is because CBD does not affect the same receptors as THC. The human body has an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that receives and translates signals from cannabinoids. It produces some cannabinoids of its own, which are called endocannabinoids. The ECS helps to regulate functions such as sleep, immune-system responses, and pain. When THC enters the body, it produces a “high” feeling by affecting the brain’s endocannabinoid receptors. This activates the brain’s reward system, producing pleasure chemicals such as dopamine.

But what exactly do we mean by inflammation? Inflammation is a bodily process by which the body responds to some injurious stimuli. It is a process by which the body isolates and heals an infected or injured part of the body. Inflammation occurs as a result of the release of hormones and activation of immune cells which act on the affected area and bring about a cure. It can also be exhibited in the form of swelling, fatigue, pain, soreness, itchy skin, redness.

Our nervous system consists of two receptors, CB1 and CB2. CBD is very impactful on CB2 receptors which control our mood, sleep, appetite and perception, it is also the main affecter of the immune system. CBD effects CB2 receptors by suppressing   inflammation thus reducing pain. Many interesting discoveries have emerged regarding the functions of CBD as an anti-inflammatory. When the body’s immune system releases hormones known as cytokines to act against any infection, the endocannabinoid system becomes active. Since CBD extracts or oils have the same function, their incorporation in the diet is helpful. It amplifies the effect of hormones and in this way helps to maintain balance within the body.

CBD is an inhibitor of COX-2 which is an enzyme that inhibits most common inflammatory responses. To put in other words, COX-2 is an agitating hormone, which disturbs the immune system at times of allergies and CBD helps to render them inactive in the body.

So instead of aspirin or other synthetic medications to relieve inflammation and discomfort, try some CBD, it may just help.